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Showing posts with label academic integrity. Show all posts
Showing posts with label academic integrity. Show all posts

5 October 2017

Getting to Grips with Citing & Referencing

Academic integrity is one of the key skills you need to develop during your university studies. This includes acknowledging the work of others and disclosing the sources of your research. Bei-En Zou, a learning skills adviser, writes about the importance of citing and referencing and offers some tips to mastering this skill. 

Before we talk about the importance of citing and referencing, we need a few definitions! Most people often use these terms interchangeably, but they do in fact refer to two different things.

Citations are sources that you mention within your research. They're accompanied by a footnote or an in-text reference. A citation can be a key piece of information that you've drawn from someone else's work or a direct quote from a text. 

Referencing, on the other hand, refers to a list of all the resources you've used in your research at the end of an essay or article. This is also known as a bibliography.

Why do we need to cite and reference?


You probably know that it's a requirement to cite and reference properly in your assignments, but why is it important? Citing and Referencing is important because universities want to train you in thinking originally, and to contribute your own ideas about your subject areas and to produce original work. It's therefore important to distinguish which is your work, and which is the work of others. 

Acknowledging the sources that you have used in your work highlights where you have contributed your own ideas and research. 

Citing and referencing have other important roles too! Referencing is a way of providing evidence to support the claims that you are making in your essay. You can use the work of experts in your field to lend weight to your own research, to show how your work is built upon previous intellectual endeavours or how your work challenges and deviates from the traditional understanding in your field. An essay or report with appropriate and accurate references is always more convincing and persuasive than one without any!

A good set of citations and references also enables your marker to track down all the material you used and get a sense of how widely you've researched. You are showing your marker that you are aware of the breadth and depth of your field. Referencing also gives you a chance to acknowledge the hard work of others before you. 

Using different citing and referencing styles. 


Harvard, Chicago, IEEE, APA... there are at least a dozen citing and referencing styles that are used at Monash. Each faculty has their own preferences, and even within the one course, you might find yourself using different styles for each of your subjects! You can usually find all the information you need about citing and referencing styles in the Unit Guide for your subject, or by asking your tutor, demonstrator or lecturer. The key is to maintain consistency and watch out for the finicky little details in the commas, italics and ampersands. 

Resources to help you.


Referencing can be a fiddly and frustrating process, as you come to grips with all the intricacies and variations among different styles. The library has created a number of excellent resources to help you navigate all elements of citing and referencing. 

Here are our top links:

This is your go-to place for all things citing and referencing. Bookmark it on your computer and refer to it frequently for all examples and explanations of all the referencing conventions for you to follow. 

If you're feeling a little unsure about citing and referencing, this is a great tutorial that will explain the basic principles, and you can test out your knowledge at the end with quizzes.

One of the most common citing and referencing styles used at Monash is APA (American Psychological Association). If that's you, APA Central is a great resource. It contains videos, quizzes, templates and quick guides for you to get on top of APA style. 

  • Research and learning point - drop-in sessions
Drop in without an appointment to see a librarian or learning skills advisor for some advice on researching for your assignment, including citing and referencing. You can find a list of session times here. 

(*) Please use either Firefox or Internet Explorer to complete this tutorial. 

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20 March 2017

Citing and referencing - a guide for teaching staff

Citing and referencing is an essential academic skill that students enrolled in your teaching unit may struggle with, says Librarian Louise Micallef. She outlines some ways the Library can help your students.

Despite the fact that they have undertaken research for school assignments, work or personal purposes, for most students, the university is often the first encounter they have with academic literature. The need to reference their work accurately according to a prescribed style can cause some anxiety, particularly as it affects overall marks.

At the Library, we are experts at citing and referencing and can help your students to understand and apply this crucial skill, which is required in assignments at university level to:
  • demonstrate the credibility of their ideas 
  • validate their work 
  • give due credit to the research of others, and
  • allow readers to locate the original sources used for ideas and evidence in an assignment.
In my experience as a subject librarian, some of the most common citing and referencing mistakes made by students are:
  • incorrect use of commas, italics and ampersands
  • spelling inconsistencies
  • overuse of direct quotes
  • incorrect use of ‘et al.’
  • wrong order of multiple citations in a single parenthesis
  • failure to include a DOI for journal articles if appropriate for the style
  • failure to list all cited sources in the reference list and to do so in accurate alphabetical order
  • general formatting errors such as spacing and use of hanging indents
  • inability to correctly identify the resource type they are dealing with.
Evidently, the protocols and intricacies of referencing are often overwhelming and quite daunting for some students. So where can  you direct your students so they can learn the principles of citing and referencing  and how to effectively and accurately apply it to their work? The Library has created a number of excellent resources and opportunities for students to develop these crucial academic skills.

Five ways the Library can help your students with citing and referencing

1. Library Guides – Citing and Referencing and EndNote

We create Library guides to pull together useful resources on a variety of research skills topics or subject areas all in the one place. The Citing and Referencing Library Guide  covers the full range of citing and referencing styles used at Monash. Students can learn about why, how and when to cite and reference for their next assignment or research paper there.

Similarly, EndNote is a very useful reference management software that stores and automatically creates citations, references and bibliographies for assignments in the required style. Of course, EndNote is not foolproof, so we recommend that students understand how citations and references are used in academic writing when using the program to ensure accuracy. For a comprehensive guide to using Endnote, including "how to use it"  tutorials, see our EndNote Library Guide

2. Demystifying Citing and Referencing - tutorial

The Library has also created an online, interactive citing and referencing tutorial which includes activities and short self-assessment quizzes. It has been designed to teach the principles of citing and referencing, and understand how to avoid plagiarising when integrating source material. This valuable tutorial takes approximately 20 minutes to complete.

3. Research and Learning Point – drop-in sessions

Students can drop in for a 15 minute consultation with a Subject Librarian or Learning Skills Adviser at the Library. At a drop-in session students can get advice on research for their assignments, academic communication and study skills including citing and referencing.

There is no need for them to make an appointment and students are seen on a first come, first served basis. This service is offered between week two to twelve at all Monash libraries. See session times here.

4. Library program, resource or activity embedded in curriculum

We can work with you to design and teach a particular segment, class or resource as part of the academic curriculum for your unit, to ensure that students know the principles of citing and referencing and how to apply them for your assignments and projects.

Contact our specialist staff  to discuss further

5. One on one consultations (postgraduate students)

Librarians and learning skills advisers have specialist knowledge of resources and publishing in various subject disciplines. Postgraduate students are entitled to make individual appointments with their subject librarian and learning skills adviser at any stage of their research. We can provide you with specialist advice about citing and referencing for thesis or journal article submission.

Contact our specialist staff  to make an appointment.

So, if citing and referencing evokes a sense of dread in your students, help is always available from the Library both in person and online!





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25 August 2015

Citing and referencing - essential for your assignment

It’s detailed, it’s time-consuming, and it can be confusing - but citing and referencing is part of every assignment here at Monash. Read on to discover some great resources which make citing and referencing easier to understand, and simpler to complete......by Romney Adams.


What is it, and why do it?

Citations refer to the brief attributions you make throughout the body of your assignment, while references contain more detail, and are situated at the end of your assignment. The Demystifying Citing & Referencing Tutorial explains the basic principles behind citing and referencing, and is great if you’re feeling a little unsure or confused.

It’s important to cite and reference your work, for a number of reasons. When done correctly, anyone reading your assignment (including the person marking it!) can see where you have used an expert’s research to support your own. As well as this, they should be able to locate the materials you used, enabling them to determine how widely you’ve read, and on what evidence you’ve based your work. Have a look at the Library’s Academic Integrity Modules - they contain examples of mistakes that can be easy to make when using  expert opinion to support your own work - such as remix and retweet plagiarism. The good news is the modules also show how these mistakes can be avoided.

Citing and referencing is usually worth between 5-10% of an assignment, so ensuring you’ve cited and referenced your work correctly can really give your grade a boost. Don’t forget, 10% is the difference between a D and HD...or an N and P.

Feeling confused?  Check out this short clip which will show you other areas to look out for.





Resources available

There are a number of citing and referencing styles, such as Harvard, APA, Chicago, and Turabian. Each style will have different rules to follow, which can get very frustrating. It’s impossible to learn even one style perfectly - not even your lecturer can probably manage it. Luckily, the Citing & Referencing Library Guide is your ultimate go-to guide for help.

This guide contains dedicated sections for each style used at Monash, and features detailed coverage of style rules, with examples for you to follow. If you use this guide, you really can’t go wrong. You can also check out the referencing section of some faculty-specific resources, such as the Faculty of Business and Economics’ Q Manual, and the Faculty of Information Technology’s Style Guide.

It’s best not to Google information about citing and referencing - styles are updated all the time (APA is now in its 6th edition), and some have been moderated slightly to better suit the institution (for example, Monash uses its own version of the Harvard style). Information you find on Google may be out-of-date or incorrect.

While citing and referencing can be challenging, it does need to be done - and with the Library’s help, you’ll have no trouble at all. You can  get help with citing and referencing from a librarian at your library’s Research & Learning point.




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19 March 2015

Citing and referencing

New students can sometimes become very anxious about citing and referencing, what it all means and how to get help. The Library has a number of resources and people to help you, so don’t worry and start reading!...... By Cassandra Freeman



Following the right path

It’s never ok to try and pass someone else’s work off as your own, like copying and pasting text from a random page on the internet into your essay and claiming you wrote it. This will be viewed as plagiarism. Your unit guide will state you need to cite and reference all of the ideas and theories you have used to write your assignment tasks.

Academic Integrity

Monash University has very strict guidelines and policies about the expectations they place on their students and staff when it comes to acknowledging the work of others in your written research. So make sure you spend some time working through the Monash Academic Integrity online modules to ensure you understand.

How do I know if I am doing it the right way? 

Most new students to university have had some experience of having to create a reference list at the end of an essay or report but are not familiar with the extensive rules required when citing and referencing. The further you go in your studies the better you will become at academic writing and being able to incorporate thoughts and ideas of other academic writers with your own ideas and arguments.

  • Each time you refer to a theory you have read about or mention a study that perhaps supports your idea or argument, you must include abbreviated information about who wrote it and where and when. This is called a citation. 
  • A full reference list or bibliography is included at the end which gives the complete details of the author and title of the work and year. 
  • Citing and referencing can show how widely you have read and researched your topic and enables anyone reading your paper to find the actual authors and studies you have cited.
Feeling confused and mystified about what it all means? Then you should definitely complete the Library Demystifying Citing and Referencing online tutorial.

Your unit guide will also state you will need to follow a particular style of citing and referencing.

What’s your style?

So you go to get citing and referencing help from a Librarian or Learning Skills adviser at the Research and Learning point at your campus library and they ask you, “So what is your style?” You think street style maybe? Skater? Prepster?

More like Chicago, APA, or Harvard. Depending on the faculty you are studying in, you will be required to follow the rules of a certain style when citing and referencing. The Monash Citing and Referencing Library Guide will help you to find your faculty style and examples of how citations and reference lists should look.

 So remember to always follow the right path and you will never lose your way!









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19 January 2015

Learning about academic integrity

The Academic Integrity online tutorial is available to assist students in developing the knowledge and skills required for good academic practice...By Heidi Binghay


As a student, you need to learn and adhere to the ethical principles relating to your use of ideas, knowledge and information. 

The Academic Integrity interactive modules set is an important part of the implementation of the Student Academic Integrity Policy and Procedures at Monash.

You will appreciate how the concept of academic integrity is connected with the real world through case study examples. As an interactive online tutorial, you will THINK and DO rather than just read.

When you go through the modules, you will get:
  • an overview of the main principles of academic integrity;
  • ways to develop skills to ensure integrity in your academic work;
  • information on plagiarism, collusion and academic misconduct.

The Library encourages you to complete the online modules. Academic integrity is a set of skills you can take with you beyond university into your future employment and career.

You can access the online modules in the Library Resources block within Moodle and on the Library website.

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